Bachelor of Law Enforcement Studies (BLES)

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Academic motivation and the effects on students’ career aspirations: before and after a law enforcement studies education at the Justice Institute of British Columbia
Education is one of the most important resources available to Canadians because it directly affects each person's future. With a post-secondary education, students can have an enhanced quality of life for themselves, their families, and their communities. Career choice and outcome for many professionals are dependent on education, which supports future development and improves interpersonal skills required for successful careers. The purpose of this study was to explore the influence that a law enforcement studies education, from the Justice Institute of British Columbia (JIBC), had on a student’s career aspirations. Of the 123-student participants, 98% indicated they had specific career goals in public safety or law enforcement prior to a formal education at JIBC. However, after exposure to an education at JIBC, 51% of the student participants indicated a change in their career goals.
Academic motivation and the effects on students’ career aspirations: before and after a law enforcement studies education at the Justice Institute of British Columbia.
Education is one of the most important resources available to Canadians because it directly affects each person's future. With a post-secondary education, students can have an enhanced quality of life for themselves, their families, and their communities. Career choice and outcome for many professionals are dependent on education, which supports future development and improves interpersonal skills required for successful careers. The purpose of this study was to explore the influence that a law enforcement studies education, from the Justice Institute of British Columbia (JIBC), had on a student’s career aspirations. Of the 123-student participants, 98% indicated they had specific career goals in public safety or law enforcement prior to a formal education at JIBC. However, after exposure to an education at JIBC, 51% of the student participants indicated a change in their career goals.
Academic motivation on students’ career aspirations at the Justice Institute of British Columbia
Education is one of the most important resources available to Canadians because it directly affects each person's future. With a post-secondary education, students can have an enhanced quality of life for themselves, their families, and their communities. Career choice and outcome for many professionals are dependent on education, which supports future development and improves interpersonal skills required for successful careers. The purpose of this study was to explore the influence that a law enforcement studies education, from the Justice Institute of British Columbia (JIBC), had on a student’s career aspirations. Of the 123-student participants, 98% indicated they had specific career goals in public safety or law enforcement prior to a formal education at JIBC.
ADHD and youth violence: a critical appraisal of the literature
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is one of the most common childhood disorders. Diagnosed youth typically have a decreased ability to focus and an increased level of activity. Typically, this leads to diminished social development in youth. Current literature has identified violence to be a side effect of ADHD, but this body of literature has not been validated. Many gaps have also been discovered, such as gender, ethnicity and family aspects of ADHD. These areas have been neglected when assessing for violence in ADHD youth. To progress the field of research regarding ADHD and youth violence, this paper is designed as a guide to critically appraise the research that has been conducted. The purpose of this research is not to identify new strategies of violence reduction, but rather to inform policy and programs to decrease future violence associated with ADHD.
ADHD and youth violence: a critical appraisal of the literature
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is one of the most common childhood disorders. Diagnosed youth typically have a decreased ability to focus and an increased level of activity. Typically, this leads to diminished social development in youth. Current literature has identified violence to be a side effect of ADHD, but this body of literature has not been validated. Many gaps have also been discovered, such as gender, ethnicity and family aspects of ADHD. These areas have been neglected when assessing for violence in ADHD youth. To progress the field of research regarding ADHD and youth violence, this paper is designed as a guide to critically appraise the research that has been conducted. The purpose of this research is not to identify new strategies of violence reduction, but rather to inform policy and programs to decrease future violence associated with ADHD.
ADHD and youth violence: a critical appraisal of the literature
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is one of the most common childhood disorders. Diagnosed youth typically have a decreased ability to focus and an increased level of activity. Typically, this leads to diminished social development in youth. Current literature has identified violence to be a side effect of ADHD, but this body of literature has not been validated. Many gaps have also been discovered, such as gender, ethnicity and family aspects of ADHD. These areas have been neglected when assessing for violence in ADHD youth. To progress the field of research regarding ADHD and youth violence, this paper is designed as a guide to critically appraise the research that has been conducted. The purpose of this research is not to identify new strategies of violence reduction, but rather to inform policy and programs to decrease future violence associated with ADHD.
ADHD and youth violence: a critical appraisal of the literature
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is one of the most common childhood disorders. Diagnosed youth typically have a decreased ability to focus and an increased level of activity. Typically, this leads to diminished social development in youth. Current literature has identified violence to be a side effect of ADHD, but this body of literature has not been validated. Many gaps have also been discovered, such as gender, ethnicity and family aspects of ADHD. These areas have been neglected when assessing for violence in ADHD youth. To progress the field of research regarding ADHD and youth violence, this paper is designed as a guide to critically appraise the research that has been conducted. The purpose of this research is not to identify new strategies of violence reduction, but rather to inform policy and programs to decrease future violence associated with ADHD.
Animal cruelty: variability in preventative animal cruelty legislation in Canada
Companion animals provide unique health benefits such as alleviating depression and anxiety, which makes pet ownership desirable to many Canadians (Maharaj, 2016). Not to mention their adorable appeal. Canada was home to over 6.4 million dogs and 8.5 million cats in 2016 (Hunter & Brisbin, 2016). Each province and territory in Canada has their own preventative companion animal cruelty legislation to provide animal welfare.
Are current Canadian police intervention methods for children in crisis, resulting from violence and abuse, effective in mitigating children from entering the criminal justice system or causing further trauma leading to justice-involved youth?
This study is a critical appraisal with a pragmatic worldview of current research on the topic of police crisis intervention methods with children in crisis and the research question is, “Are current Canadian police intervention methods for children in crisis, resulting from violence and abuse, effective in mitigating children from entering the Criminal Justice System or causing further trauma leading to justice-involved youth?” A significant gap in Canadian research was found on current police crisis intervention methods and on these with children as the person in crisis. Generalizability of studies in other countries may not be possible due to Canada’s unique multicultural society and differences in policies and laws. Similar models and training frameworks may be applicable, however, with customization for a Canadian context.
The connection between mental illness and youth violence in Canada
This research paper aims to address high crime rates among Canadian youth by determining whether or not mental illness is at the root of this issue. The question of how pre-existing mental illnesses contribute to youth violence in Canada is answered through a critical appraisal of existing literature. Through an examination of various sources, several themes are identified in terms of factors leading to youth offending, including personal victimization, poverty and substance abuse. Thus, it is determined that mental illness does in fact have a causal connection to youth violent offending. It is also identified that the risk of offending is heightened when an individual has a dual-diagnosis. Specifically, substance abuse problems occurring simultaneously with any other form of mental illness significantly increases the risk that an individual will offend. Furthermore, important risk factors for a dual-diagnosis are identified, as well as preventative and protective measures.
The connection between mental illness and youth violence in Canada
This research paper aims to address high crime rates among Canadian youth by determining whether or not mental illness is at the root of this issue. The question of how pre-existing mental illnesses contribute to youth violence in Canada is answered through a critical appraisal of existing literature. Through an examination of various sources, several themes are identified in terms of factors leading to youth offending, including personal victimization, poverty and substance abuse. Thus, it is determined that mental illness does in fact have a causal connection to youth violent offending. It is also identified that the risk of offending is heightened when an individual has a dual-diagnosis. Specifically, substance abuse problems occurring simultaneously with any other form of mental illness significantly increases the risk that an individual will offend. Furthermore, important risk factors for a dual-diagnosis are identified, as well as preventative and protective measures.
Criminalizing persons with severe mental illness in Canada: the legacy of deinstitutionalization on individuals with severe mental illness
The deinstitutionalization movement of the 1960s remains the most detrimental strategic shift in the psychiatric healthcare field to date. The changing philosophical landscape on best practices for members of society with severe mental illness (SMI) has catalyzed socio-economic problems for this already vulnerable people group. These issues include increased rates of substance abuse, homelessness, and criminalization amongst people with SMI. Early literature on the effects of deinstitutionalization overvalued the humanness of the system rather than systematically evaluating the benefits. The literature of the past 25 years has adopted a more critical view of the decentralized system. This critical appraisal amalgamated and evaluated the current data to determine whether the deinstitutionalization of people with SMI is truly beneficial for the patient. This research is intended to inform Canadian policymakers regarding the future of healthcare for people with SMI. The results of this research are important as they demonstrate the financial toll of deinstitutionalization; the yearly cost of the Canadian mental health system is purportedly CAD 50 billion (Mental Health Commission of Canada, 2013). Modern research indicates that deinstitutionalization as a mental health strategy can be effective but, due to the provincial inconsistency in community support, a lapse in care for comorbid patients and poor trans-institutional psychiatric care, it has contributed to the criminalization of people with SMI.
Cyber surveillance and privacy in Canada
The aim of this study is to explore the body of available research regarding the topic of cyber surveillance and privacy in Canada. This research will draw particular attention to current legislation and emerging trends for the future. There is a need for a comprehensive examination of the available sources, as the world is becoming increasingly more digitized and legislation will inevitably have to be adjusted to keep up with the changing times. This study will highlight some of the key academic sources on the topic, as well as Canadian public opinion surveys about privacy rights. This study utilized a mixed methods approach and contains both qualitative and quantitative secondary data. Major discussion centers around the parameters of surveillance in Canadian society and what implications that surveillance yields. The results of the research conclude with the finding that there is an apparent disconnect between the knowledge and comprehension that Canadians have about cyber surveillance, in comparison with the apparent concern alluded to by the academic literature.
Cyber surveillance and privacy in Canada
The aim of this study is to explore the body of available research regarding the topic of cyber surveillance and privacy in Canada. This research will draw particular attention to current legislation and emerging trends for the future. There is a need for a comprehensive examination of the available sources, as the world is becoming increasingly more digitized and legislation will inevitably have to be adjusted to keep up with the changing times. This study will highlight some of the key academic sources on the topic, as well as Canadian public opinion surveys about privacy rights. This study utilized a mixed methods approach and contains both qualitative and quantitative secondary data. Major discussion centers around the parameters of surveillance in Canadian society and what implications that surveillance yields. The results of the research conclude with the finding that there is an apparent disconnect between the knowledge and comprehension that Canadians have about cyber surveillance, in comparison with the apparent concern alluded to by the academic literature.
Cyber surveillance and privacy in Canada
The aim of this study is to explore the body of available research regarding the topic of cyber surveillance and privacy in Canada. This research will draw particular attention to current legislation and emerging trends for the future. There is a need for a comprehensive examination of the available sources, as the world is becoming increasingly more digitized and legislation will inevitably have to be adjusted to keep up with the changing times. This study will highlight some of the key academic sources on the topic, as well as Canadian public opinion surveys about privacy rights. This study utilized a mixed methods approach and contains both qualitative and quantitative secondary data. Major discussion centers around the parameters of surveillance in Canadian society and what implications that surveillance yields. The results of the research conclude with the finding that there is an apparent disconnect between the knowledge and comprehension that Canadians have about cyber surveillance, in comparison with the apparent concern alluded to by the academic literature.
Death penalty in Canada
This study was conducted to determine if the death penalty is more beneficial than the current legislation Canada has implemented. The data was collected through a qualitative method where the primary data was obtained through academic sources. There are many variables discussed that are a deciding factors if the death penalty is beneficial over current legislation. The first variable that discussed is the history of the death penalty in Canada and why it was removed. The second variable is the public’s perception on the death penalty, as different age groups may favour or oppose to the death penalty. The third variable discussed is the capacity that correctional facilities have. It was determined that correctional facilities are declining in capacity, which appears to be that crime rates in Canada are also on the decline. Crime rates in Canada have been the lowest since 1970. The last variable discussed is how the death penalty can be cruel and unusual in present day because it is a violation of an individual’s rights. After further research of the variables it was determined that currently Canada should maintain their current legislation as the death penalty does not have enough benefits to it in present day.
Effective coping strategies for police officers
The primary focus of this study determined the effectiveness of existing coping strategies that police officers utilized when dealing with traumatic situations.

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